Custom Sort String

Title: Custom Sort String Source: leetcode.com S and T are strings composed of lowercase letters. In S, no letter occurs more than once. S was sorted in some custom order previously. We want to permute the characters of T so that they match the order that S was sorted. More specifically, if x occurs before ...

Monotonic Array

Title: Monotonic Array Source: leetcode.com An array is monotonic if it is either monotone increasing or monotone decreasing. An array A is monotone increasing if for all i <= j, A[i] <= A[j]. An array A is monotone decreasing if for all i <= j, A[i] >= A[j]. Return true if and only if the ...

Binary Watch Problem

Title: Binary Watch Source: leetcode.com A binary watch has 4 LEDs on the top which represent the hours (0-11), and the 6 LEDs on the bottom represent the minutes (0-59). Each LED represents a zero or one, with the least significant bit on the right. For example, the above binary watch reads “3:25”. Given a ...

Leaf-Similar trees

Title: Leaf-Similar TreesSource: leetcode.com Consider all the leaves of a binary tree. From left to right order, the values of those leaves form a leaf value sequence. For example, in the given tree above, the leaf value sequence is (6, 7, 4, 9, 8). Two binary trees are considered leaf-similar if their leaf value sequence ...

Shortest Distance to a Character

Title: Shortest Distance to a CharacterSource: leetcode.com Given a string S and a character C, return an array of integers representing the shortest distance from the character C in the string. Example 1: Input: S = “loveleetcode”, C = ‘e’ Output: [3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 1, 0] Note: 1. ...

Image Smoother

Title: Image SmootherSource: leetcode.com Given a 2D integer matrix M representing the gray scale of an image, you need to design a smoother to make the gray scale of each cell becomes the average gray scale (rounding down) of all the 8 surrounding cells and itself. If a cell has less than 8 surrounding cells, ...

Longest Palindrome

Title: Longest PalindromeSource: leetcode.com Given a string which consists of lowercase or uppercase letters, find the length of the longest palindromes that can be built with those letters. This is case sensitive, for example “Aa” is not considered a palindrome here. Note: Assume the length of given string will not exceed 1,010. Example 1: Input: ...

Goat Latin

Title: Goat Latin Source: leetcode.com A sentence S is given, composed of words separated by spaces. Each word consists of lowercase and uppercase letters only. We would like to convert the sentence to “Goat Latin” (a made-up language similar to Pig Latin.) The rules of Goat Latin are as follows: If a word begins with ...

Buddy Strings

Title: Buddy Strings Source: leetcode.com Given two strings A and B of lowercase letters, return true if and only if we can swap two letters in A so that the result equals B. Example 1: Input: A = “ab”, B = “ba” Output: true Example 2: Input: A = “ab”, B = “ab” Output: false ...

Sum Root to Leaf Numbers 1

Title: Sum Root to Leaf Numbers Source: leetcode.com Given a binary tree containing digits from 0-9 only, each root-to-leaf path could represent a number. An example is the root-to-leaf path 1->2->3 which represents the number 123. Find the total sum of all root-to-leaf numbers. For example, 1 / \ 2 3 123     1   / \  2   ...